MMA, or Mixed Martial Arts, it’s a full-contact combat sport. The object of the sport is to achieve dominance over your opponent utilizing techniques such as striking, throwing and grappling. This sport modality combines disciplines from several martial arts such as boxing, kick-boxing, karate, jiu-jitsu, Muay Thai, Taekwondo, Wrestling and Judo.
MMA has been called the world’s fastest-growing sport, and the truth is the sport has grown rapidly in popularity and every day attracts new fans.
3 important things you should know about MMA
“Vale Tudo” (a Portuguese term meaning anything goes) were minimal rule combat contests that pitted two men against each other. Although these Vale Tudo matches do not much resemble modern MMA matches, and where not actually considered a sport, these combats are direct ancestors to modern Mixed Martial Arts.
In the early days, there were no weight classes and virtually no rules in MMA. Until 2000, when the New Jersey State Athletic Control Board created the Unified Rules for MMA. These regulations instituted fighter safety precautions and most notably weight classes.
1. MMA rules
Every round is five minutes in duration with a one-minute rest period in-between rounds. Non-title matches normally don’t exceed three rounds, while Title matches can be sanctioned for five rounds.
2. MMA Weight classes
One of the most basic rules of MMA is that you must fight within your weight class. If you don’t make weight for a match, you can be disqualified and possibly fined by the promotion. The following weight classes apply:
MMA Weight Classes for Men
- Flyweight Up to 105 lbs
- Super flyweight 105.1–115 lbs
- Bantamweight 115.1–125 lbs
- Super bantamweight 125.1–135 lbs
- Featherweight 135.1–145 lbs
- Lightweight 145.1–155 lbs
- Super lightweight 155.1–165 lbs
- Welterweight 165.1–175 lbs
- Super welterweight 175.1–185 lbs
- Middleweight 185.1–195 lbs
- Super middleweight 195.1–205 lbs
- Light heavyweight 205.1–225 lbs
- Heavyweight 225.1–265 lbs
MMA Weight Classes for Women
- Strawweight – 106.1-116.0 lbs
- Flyweight – 116.1-126.0 lbs
- Bantamweight – 126.1-136.0 lbs
- Featherweight – 136.1-146.0 lbs
3- Ways to end a MMA Fight
An MMA competition can end in one of several ways:
- Submission: indicated when the opponent either physically taps out or verbally submits;
- Technical knockout (TKO): in this scenario the referee stops the fight when he determines that a fighter is no longer able to defend himself intelligently;
- Knockout: when one fighter causes their opponent to lose consciousness due to striking.
- Decision: if the last round ends without a submission or knockout, the results are determined by decision A panel of three judges scores each round using a 10-point must system, meaning that when a judge determines a fighter won a round.
- No contest: If both fighters violate the rules, or if a fighter is injured by an unintentional illegal action, a no-contest call can result.
What is the difference between MMA and UFC?
MMA is the name of the sport and UFC is the name of one of the organizations. It’s like basketball and the NBA.
UFC refers to the acronym Ultimate Fighting Championship and is probably the biggest event of this sport. It is the most important company that organizes these events in the United States, Japan, Brazil and the United Kingdom. The UFC has increased its popularity in recent years becoming the largest organization within MMA, but, however, It´s not the only one.